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"Your Guide to Health Fraud, Quackery, and Intelligent Decisions." Operated by Stephen Barrett, M.D.

Non-Christian Qi

Also written as chi. Chinese: energy, the air. Originally meant air, breath or energy, but currently signifies 'vital essence' - said to be the supreme nourishing and protecting energy in the body, which circulates through the acupuncture meridians.

See also Qi gong

Non-Christian Qi gong

Also written as qigong. From the Chinese ki = energy, the air, and gong = time, practice.

A system of physical exercises, breathing and mental training, with as purpose the strengthening of the body's internal energy as well as controlling the circulation of qi.

There are various forms of chi-gong, both traditional and modern; some are associated with martial arts, some with religion, some with scholarly pursuits such as calligraphy; others are concerned solely with health promotion [Source]

Movements based on qi gong include Falun Gong, Zhong Gong, Yuan Ji Gong and Wang Gong

- Articles -
Secular Acupuncture, Qigong, and "Chinese Medicine" by Stephen Barrett, M.D. An article on the Quackwatch site.

- See Also -
» Healing - Alternative


The term refers to an argument used by anti-Trinitatians who suggest there might be a fourth member of the Godhead.

The "quadrinity" question ... is whether, if we say that God is a personal being in whom are the three persons of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, we do not end up with four divine persons rather than just three.
definition by Robert Bowman

Bowman himself, in arguing against this theory, uses the more accurate term "quaternity."

Some Muslims uses the term "quadrinity" to refer to another argument, namely "why not consider Melchizedek to be the fourth partner of the Godhead?"

Quadrinity Therapy

A psychic psychotherapy (formerly named the Fisher-Hoffman technique).

This system involves imagining an inner sanctuary and a spirit guide in order to aid in receptive visualization
Mike Samuels, M.D. and Nancy Samuels, "Seeing With The Mind's Eye: The History, Techniques and use of Visualization" (New York; Bookworks/Random House, 1983), page 276

Queen Shahmia

(News items have also spelled the name as Shamhia). Real name: Richell Denise Bradshaw. She claims to be the queen of the Asaba Tribe of Nigeria. She also claims to be the sister of Jesus:

Bradshaw said although she is not part of any one religious denomination or sect, she is the sister of Jesus Christ and is on a worldwide tour to spread the word of God. "It is my pleasure dwelling (in the shadow of Jesus) and I am his sister," she said. "Everywhere I go, there is a great stirring according to what father wants to do."

Police are referring to Bradshaw's entourage as a "cult." Three of Bradshaw's "men servants" have been arrested and charged with a series of robberies, and eight kids traveling with her have been placed in a children’s facility pending the conclusion of the investigation.

The father of one of the queen's 'manservants' speaks out about his son's involvement with the self-proclaimed Royal Highness. Joseph Ansaroff says his 19-year-old son, Lawrence, was a model student and athlete at the University of Central Florida. That's before he became involved with Bradshaw a few months ago. Since then, Lawrence allegedly grew distant and started giving thousands of dollars to Bradshaw.
"Queen Shamhia" finds new home, MSNBC, Jan. 9, 2000

- News Database -

» Religion News Blog's Queen Shahmia newstracker
» Database of archived news items regarding Queen Shahmia
(Includes items added between Oct. 25, 1999 and Jan. 31, 2002. See about this database)

Christian Questions for Jehovah's Witnesses

"The best way to evangelize Jehovah's Witnesses is to ask questions."

Includes a special section on Jehovah's Witnesses and Child Custody.

Email: 74507.3354@compuserve.com


The Quran is the holy book of Islam.

Muslims claim the text of the Quran was revealed to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel.

They believe that previous revelations from God - including the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel - have been changed and corrupted over time, necessitating the need for a final revelation.

Apologetics Index research resource Read more in our expanded entry on the Quran.

Christian Quarterly Journal, The

Magazine published by Personal Freedom Outreach

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