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Jacobs, Cindy

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Non-Christian Jainism

Religion originating in India (6th century B.C.), teaching liberation of the soul by right knowledge, right faith, and right conduct. Jains practice non-violence, follow a strictly vegetarian diet, and belief in respecting multiple worldviews.

The word "jain" is derived from "jina" - a person said to have conquered all the passions.

a religion of India that teaches a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through a disciplined mode of life founded upon the tradition of ahimsa, nonviolence to all living creatures. Beginning in the 7th–5th century BCE, Jainism evolved into a cultural system that has made significant contributions to Indian philosophy and logic, art and architecture, mathematics, astronomy and astrology, and literature. Along with Hinduism and Buddhism, it is one of the three most ancient Indian religious traditions still in existence.
Jainism Entry in the Encyclopedia Britannica

- News Articles Database -
» Database of archived news items
(Includes items added between Oct. 25, 1999 and Jan. 31, 2002. See about this database)

Older items:
(Jul 23, 1999 Jains now affiliated with Hindu temple in Middletown
(May 2, 1999) Jains break ground for temple in Milpitas

- Profile -
Secular Jainism Entry in the Encyclopedia Britannica

Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Jakes, T.D.

Secular James Randi Educational Foundation

James Randi exposes misinformation, pseudoscience, and fraud.

- Articles -
Secular About James Randi Biographical information on Randi's site
Secular The Psychic Challenge

"James Randi, through the James Randi Educational Foundation, will pay the sum of US$1,000,000 (One Million Dollars) to any person or persons who can demonstrate any psychic, supernatural or paranormal ability of any kind und er satisfactory observing conditions."

- Books -        Click On Titles To Order At Discount           » More Books
Secular An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural Subtitled, "James Randi's Decidedly Skeptical Definitions of Alternate Realities."

"Truth is separated from fiction in this guide to skeptical definitions of alternative realities. The encyclopedia form charts both individuals and false systems of analysis and representation, and lends to both leisure browsing and light research."
(Midwest Book Review)

Secular The Faith Healers Celebrated magician James Randi uncovers the faith-healing fakery found in the disturbing performances of evangelist Peter Popoff, W.V. Grant, Leroy Jenkins, Oral Roberts, Pentecostal A.A. Allen, Roman Catholic Ralph DiOrio, and Pat Robertson.

- News Articles Database -
» Database of archived news items
(Includes items added between Oct. 25, 1999 and Jan. 31, 2002. See about this database)

Older items:
(Oct. 1998) Transcript: ABC Special on "The Power of Belief"
(Sep. 9, 1998) £1m on offer for those with special gifts

James, William

Author, Varieties of Religious Experience.

A U.S. psychologist and philosopher, James served as president of American Psychological Association, and wrote one of the first psychology textbooks. In the psychology of religion, James's influence endures. His Varieties of Religious Experience is considered to be the classic work in the field, and is worth reading by anyone who is interested in psychology and religion. Indeed, references to James's ideas are common at professional conferences. It reminds me of the saying, "to learn a new idea, read an old book."

James distinguished between institutional religion and personal religion. Institutional religion refers to the religious group or organization, and plays an important part in a society's culture. Personal religion, in which the individual has a mystical experience, can be experienced regardless of the culture. James was most interested in understanding personal religious experience.

If personal religious experiences were what James preferred, dogmatism was something that he disliked. Dogmatic thought, whether religious or scientific, was anathema to James. The importance of James to the psychology of religion--and to psychology more generally--is difficult to overstate. He discussed many essential issues that remain of vital concern today.

- Books - Online -
SecularAcademicPluralistic Varieties of Religious Experience Online, searchable copy.
SecularAcademicPluralistic Notes on "Varieties of Religious Experience" By Marc Fonda


Jasmuheen, a 42-year-old Australian woman whose real name is Ellen Greve, claims to have been living on herbal tea, juice and the occasional biscuit since 1993 after being told to change her life by her spiritual mentor, St Germain.

Her philosophy, explained in her book Living on Light, is based on "breatharianism" – a concept which promotes living on light and almost entirely without food and liquids.

Several of followers of her philosophy have died, and Jasmuheen herself has been exposed as a fraud.
Newswire (UK), Sep. 23, 1999

Profess to be Christian but are outside orthodox Christianity Jehovah's Witnesses

Also known as the "Watchtower and Tract Society." Originated as a sect of the Adventist Movement. Considered a cult in the religious sense because of it's adherence to heretical doctrines, and in the sociological sense because of the level of control the organization holds over its members, as well as its practice of shunning (ostracizing) of disfellowed members by all but the immediate family.

More Information Read more in this extended entry

Jennings, Peter

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Jentzsch, Heber

President, Church of Scientology International

Jerusalem Syndrome

Our information about the Jerusalem Syndrome has been expanded and moved.


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Jesus' Disciples

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Jesus' Disciples

Miami, Florida Christian church of ex-gang members.

The congregation, called Jesus' Disciples, is not without controversy. Some believe that Jesus' Disciples, which also calls itself God's Nation, a name modeled after gangs like People's Nation and Folk Nation, is a gang itself. The group has its own handshake, identifying symbol, which is a seven point crown, its own colors of red, gold and white, and its own rap CD, featuring songs called Street Preacha and Pass the Bible.
Drawing Gangs to God, St. Petersburg Times, Apr. 25, 1999

- News Database -   » About this News Archive
(Apr. 25, 1999) Drawing Gangs to God

"'Jesus Only' Churches"

Book by E. Calvin Beisner. A volume in the Zondervan Guide to Cults and Religious Movements. It is a refutation of the anti-Trinitarian theology and works-righteousness "gospel" of the United Pentecostal Church and other "modalistic" cults.

More Books More books by E. Calvin Beisner

Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox "Jesus Only-ism"

Jesus People

- Articles -
Christian History of the Jesus People Thesis by David Di Sabatino


Christian The Jesus People Movement by David Di Sabatino. A major reference work. "This in-depth analysis of the available literature on the Jesus People Movement includes a guide to the books, articles, journal entries, music, films and videos accessible for further study. In addition to providing the context in which to study the Movement and the guide to the Jesus People Movement literature, this invaluable resource benefits from the author's interaction and interviews with over four hundred of the Movement's participants. "

- Multimedia -
Christian Christian Rock Apologetics A defense of Christian rock music.

- Sites -
Christian Love Song Aaaah! The memories!
Christian Remembering a Decade of Jesus Music Dave Hollandsworth brings you hundreds of artists from that great decade of '69 - '79.
Christian Remembering The Jesus Movement Don a tie-die shirt, put some Love Song on the turn table (or sell out to the RealAudio version) and hang ten while your browser surfs Dave Hollandsworth's far-out trip down memory lane. The site...

"...deals with the culture, the fads, the media, the festivals and the people of that time. In no way is this site meant to glorify the past but only serves to teach and enlighten those who never experienced it and to glorify the One whose Spirit breathed afresh on a generation of seekers who found the Truth, the Way and the Life during a time they called the 70's. "

Jesus People USA

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AcademicAberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Jesus Seminar

AcademicHategroup Jewish Defense League


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Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Jill Austin Ministries

Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Joel's Army

John 1:1

- Articles -
Christian John 1:1 - Meaning and Translation By James White Click for more information on this entry The article is divided into two sections - the first explores the meaning of John 1:1, and the second addresses the more technical subject of the correct translation of the verse. The second portion will be of interest to those who are faced with the New World Translation of Jehovah's Witnesses and its rendering of the last clause of this verse as "the Word was a god".)

Johnson, Stan

Associated with The Prophecy Club. Calls himself an apostle. Claims that "the Lord" told Peter Martinez and himself to start churches in the 42 cities where The Prophecy Club has meetings. "Each city will get only one church, called 'The Church of Ephesus', or 'The Church of Philadelphia', 'The Church of Dallas', 'The Church of Modesto' and so on." This city-church' concept is similar to that being promoted by a number of other aberrant and cultic movements.


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Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Jones, Bob

One of the Kansas City Prophets. Seen by some as the most controversial of the Kansas City Prophets. Was removed from the Vineyard Anaheim because of sexual improprieties, which consisted of encouraging women to undress in his office so they could stand "naked before the Lord" in order to receive a "word." Still active today, with the abundant support of Rick Joyner. Jones is a major proponent of Latter Rain and Manifest Sons theology.

- Articles -
Christian Beware the New Prophets An extract from the book Beware the New Prophets by Bill Randles

- Quotes -

I have called the best of every blood line in earth unto this generation... I have elected to bring them forth in this generation... the elect generation... even the bloodline of Paul... of David... of Peter, James and John... They will even be superior to them in heart, stature and love for me'...Your children will possess the spirit without measure... They will move into things of the supernatural that no one has ever moved in before... coming into the divine nature of Jesus Christ... a Church that has reached the full maturity of the Godman! This generation... is going to see the beginning of this world wide new order.
Bob Jones, Vineyard Prophecy Conference, 1989, as cited in "The New Order," Jewel van der Merwe, p.7.

- Sites -
Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Bob Jones Ministry Jones' official site, containing his "prophetic" words, articles and the so-called "Shepherd's Rod" prophecies.

Jones, Jerry, Th.D.

Former elder of the Boston Church of Christ, at one time the leading church of what is now called the International Churches of Christ, and now a prominent critic. Author of What Does The Boston Movement Teach?.
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Jones, Jim

Leader who lead the members of his Peoples Temple cult into the mass murder/suicide.

Joshua's Long Day

A hoax spread via the Internet has it that scientists at NASA used computers to provide proof of Joshua's Long Day (See Joshua 10:12-14)

- Articles -
Christian Has NASA Discovered A 'Missing Day'? Answered by Apologetics Press
Christian Have NASA Computers Really Proven Joshua's Long Day? An article on ChristianAnswers.Net
Christian Joshua's Long Day James Kiefer on the hoax
Christian Joshua's Long or Missing Day Is there computer proof for this Biblical event?

Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Joyner, Rick

Controversial teacher, considered by many within Renewal and Revival movements to be a "prophet" and/or "apostle". Promotes elements of Latter Rain teachings, Manifest Sons of God, etcetera.

Extended Entry For more information, see this extended entry.


See also Jews

Some of the differences among the three major movements of Judaism: Orthodox, Conservative and Reform

ORTHODOX: Generally entails a traditional level of observance of Jewish laws, including the Sabbath, eating a kosher diet and praying three times a day. Men and women sit apart in synagogue. Hebrew is heavily used.

CONSERVATIVE: The level of observance tends to vary from synagogue to synagogue, but in general, Hebrew and English are both used. The movement generally advocates observance of the Sabbath and the laws of keeping kosher. Men and women sit together in synagogue, and there has been a strong movement toward equality in religious practice.

REFORM: Considered the most liberal. Women have religious equality. Historically, the reform movement has tended to adhere less strictly to the observances but retains much of the values and ethics of Judaism.
Traditional Judaism put in the spotlight, The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Aug. 8, 2000


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Julison, Ed and Renee

Founded and led a controversial word-faith church called "Victory Church and World Outreach Center." The congregation currently meets under the name "Abundant Life Church."

- News Database -   » About this News Archive
(May 23, 1999) Former Victory Church packs up

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